Dandruff is an undesirable skin condition characterized by the shedding of flaky skin from the scalp. It can occur to anyone, including infants. Dandruff appears as dry, powdery skin on the scalp, ears, eyebrows and beards. It can be caused by a variety of factors such as stress, poor hair brushing techniques, use of too many styling products, not eating right, dry skin and or improper shampooing techniques.
Although it’s not a serious problem, chronic dandruffs can be itchy and frustratingly uncomfortable. The condition can be treated by reducing yeast and inflammation on the scalp caused by fungi. Treatment can be done using professional products or home remedies. However, some steps can be taken to reduce and prevent dandruff.
In this article, we will look at five tips to help prevent dandruffs:
Use of shampoo that contains zinc or salicylic acid
These shampoos are readily available over the counter. They contain ingredients that kill the fungi that are partly responsible for dandruff. One of those fungi responsible for the development of dandruff is the Malassezia fungi. Though it is harmless, when it feeds on the oils secreted by the hair follicles, it causes the scalp to be irritated and produce extra skin cells. These cells die and fall off leading to dandruff. Shampoos that contain zinc help to kill these fungi. When dead skin cells accumulate on the scalp, they result in development of dandruff. Salicylic acid and sulfur help to soften the dead skin cells on the scalp. Shampoos with these ingredients ensure the dead skins are released from the scalp. One of the most effective shampoos is Ketoconazole shampoo that has a powerful antifungal effect that can prevent and treat dandruff.
Keep your scalp clean
Dead skin cells, oil and dust that accumulate on the scalp are a natural habitat for dandruff. The accumulated dead skin cells also promote the existence of yeast and fungi that cause dandruff. In order to prevent and reduce dandruff on your scalp, ensure you shampoo your hair frequently to keep your scalp clean.
Avoid styling products
Some styling products contain chemicals that cause your hair to become weak and also lead to dandruff development. The styling products can accumulate and build on your scalp, causing a residue that can facilitate dandruff. However, this isn’t to say you should not use styling products at all – consider hair sprays, styling gels and other products that contain fewer chemicals.
Processed foods comprise a huge chunk of our diet today. However, these foods contain too much salt and sugar that cause a toxic buildup in the body, further leading to dandruff and other health problems. Eating a balanced diet; whole grains, fruits, vegetables and proteins, will meet all your nutrient needs. To keep your hair healthy, shiny and dandruff free, try eating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and vitamin B. Such foods include avocados, nuts, olives, eggs, rice, bananas and oatmeal.
Practice stress management
Stress alters your immune system and results in the development or worsening of dandruff. To reduce dandruffs, you should manage any stress or anxiety you are dealing with in the workplace, at home or in school. Yoga, meditation, jogging and any other exercise will help to manage your stress.
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